Photographer Hierarchical Controlled Vocabulary Keyword Catalog
For Aperture, BreezeBrowser, Bridge, FotoStation, Lightroom, Photo Mechanic, etc.
Whether you are a stock photographer selling images online or a professional needing to organize a catalog of 1000s of photographs using Digital Asset Management or an image library, a list of keywords that can be easily accessed during the keywording process is vital. But what should the list contain? Is bigger always better? How should it be structured? Which categories should be used? What about Geographic entities? What about Specialized lists? How much is your list, and how do I buy it?
What should the list contain?
What's needed is a list of basic terms that are thoughtfully organized in a hierarchical structure. A list that is easy to access by a logical progression through parent categories. A list that can be expanded as and when required, with the chance to add specialized lists that suit the subjects YOU are photographing.
Is bigger always better?
A database that lists all the owls of Africa, French cooking implements, or 26 Icelandic snow-types are all very well if that's what you are photographing, but for most people, filling a database with un-needed keywords just clogs your computer and slows down the processing time. The current thinking is that it is better to generate a smaller list of select descriptive words and include concept, emotion and technique rather than line after line of synonyms, hyponyms, and lexically similar words.
How should the list be structured?
Keywords should be arranged in a well-ordered nested hierarchical structure, with like terms arranged in a broader term > narrower term relationship, and general terms grouped together under easily understandable headings.
Example: Geographic Location > North America > USA > Ohio > Cleveland
There are three reasons for choosing such a hierarchical structure to organize your photos:
- It's quick to locate the Keyword you need by a logical progression through sensible groupings - When viewing your image, certain keywords will come readily to mind. A well-designed list makes them easy to find because relevant terms are grouped together.
- It's easy to locate the Keyword that expands your original description - Once a topic has been opened, other keywords should suggest themselves, helping you to refine your description until you are satisfied that it can't be improved.
- It's important that no aspect of the image description is omitted when choosing keywords - Photo buyers expect your image to be keyworded in the correct way. Its not just to do with Who or What is in the image - a good list will help you describe Where and When it was taken, also Why and How.
Which categories should be used?
It is vital that the categories chosen are logical, easy to understand, and easy to work with. The only purpose of a Keyword List - lets not forget this - is to help you to find the keywords that you need in a quick and speedy manner. It is therefore important that the words in the list are where you would intuitively look for them.
Here's how the 'Photo-Keywords.Com list is put together:
The MAIN GROUPINGS: WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY, HOW, and SPECIALIST.
- WHO is in the image? All about the people in the image: their Age, Relationship, what they look like, what they are doing, what their Occupation, Participation, or Hobby is.
- WHAT is the subject in the image? Describing the Objects and their Materials, their Number and their Arrangement in the image.
- WHERE was the image taken? Describing the Geographical Location where the image was taken, and any Celestial, Land, Marine, or Water Features.
- WHEN was the image taken? Describing the Time of Day when the image was taken, the Season, plus any special Festivals, Celebrations or Ceremonies.
- WHY was this image taken in the first place? Describing the Activity happening in the image, the Adjectives describing the subjects of the image, the Concepts that tell the story of the image, and the Emotions that talk about the feeling behind the image.
- HOW was it made? Describing the Photographic techniques that were used in creating the image and which will help photo-buyers narrow their choice to your photo: lighting, background, format, framing, perspective, or dominant colors.
- SPECIALIST: Here is the area where you can add Specialist Lists that apply to a narrow field of interest. Create your own, or download free from this website.
There is more information about the Categories used on the Categories page. If you want to see the Categories that other list makers use, visit the links on the Resources page. The 'Photo-Keywords.com' Hierarchical Image Keyword Catalog currently contains approximately 16000 terms, split into 7 main categories, 85 sub-categories, and 377 sub-sub and deeper level categories.Note that those figures don't include any Geographic entities.
What about Geographic entities?
Just like keywords, there is no point filling a list with a lot of geographic entities (states or cities) that you are unlikely to be interested in. If you are a photographer from England, it would be useful to have a list of all those towns and counties to work from. If you are from Texas, it would be useful to list all the populated places from there. If these two don't apply, there's no point having those details. Thats why the 'Photo-Keywords.com' Hierarchical Image Keyword Catalog is so unique: there are currently 68 different versions, carefully chosen to match the area YOU are interested in. All the US states, commonwealths, and territories are there, with the populated places for each one. There's also different versions for Australia, Canada, England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, listing those states, provinces, or counties with their own populated places. If you are a world traveller you can choose a version with every country and state in the world. If you are after a minimalist list, you can choose just the countries of the world, or the countries of the world + the US states. You choose - they all cost the same price.
What about Specialized lists?
Whilst some list makers may be tempted to add information on any subject that they can get hold of, my approach tries to draw a sensible line between those things an average photographer might encounter, and those things that are far too specialized for 95% of my audience. For instance, I list the common birds you'll see in town and countryside, but not every type of African owl. I list common garden and wild flowers, but not Orchids of Sumatra or species of Sub-Antarctic moss. As you work through your own photos, missing categories can be added or expanded, and these specialist lists can be added to the end of the master list. See my List Format page to understand the Keyword List format and learn everything you need to know when making your own list, or visit the Specialist Lists page where I hope to build up a large collection of free specialized keyword lists that anyone can download and use.
How much is your list, and how do I buy it?
Each version of the 'Photo-Keywords.com' Hierarchical Image Keyword Catalog costs the same: just USD $ 39. To purchase the Image Keyword Catalog, visit the Purchase page.